Diseases and condition treated by the department of Diabetology
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is one of the most common ailments worldwide and can affect both teenagers and older individuals. Although it is seemingly dormant, diabetes is the precursor to various other diseases as well. Diabetes patients need to take extreme care with their way of living to maintain proper blood glucose levels. The Department of Diabetology at Gleneagles Global Hospital, Lakdi-ka-pul, Hyderabad is amongst the best hospitals for diabetes management in Hyderabad that provides comprehensive Diabetes management programs and employs some of the best endocrinologists in Hyderabad to deliver the best diabetic care.
What are the different types of diabetes?
- Type 1 diabetes: Type 1 diabetes, also called juvenile diabetes, occurs when your immune system destroys cells in your pancreas called beta cells that produce insulin. Glucose doesn’t move into your blood cells because insulin is not present.
- Type 2 diabetes: Type 2 diabetes is a lifelong disease that keeps your body from using insulin properly. Your pancreas makes a hormone called insulin, but in type 2 diabetes, the patient’s blood cells don’t use it as well as they should. Your body either resists the effects of insulin or doesn’t produce enough insulin to maintain normal glucose levels. People with type 2 diabetes are insulin resistant.
How is type 2 diabetes diagnosed?
Type 2 diabetes is diagnosed mainly using the A1C test, which indicates average blood sugar levels in a given amount of time.
What are the symptoms of type 2 diabetes?
- Being very thirsty
- Blurry vision
- Being cranky
How is type 2 diabetes treated?
Type 2 diabetes can be kept in check by being physically active. The diabetologist might suggest insulin therapy to maintain proper insulin levels.
What is juvenile diabetes?
Juvenile diabetes or Type 1 diabetes occurs when your immune system destroys cells in your pancreas called beta cells that produce insulin. Glucose doesn’t move into your blood cells because insulin is not present.
How is juvenile diabetes diagnosed?
Several blood tests, such as random sugar tests and A1C tests, are done to diagnose Type 1 diabetes accurately.
What are the symptoms of Juvenile diabetes?
The lack of insulin causes the glucose to build up in your blood, and the cells starve, which leads to high blood sugar levels that may lead to:
- Dehydration occurs due to excess sugar content in the blood, which makes the patient urinate more.
- Weight loss is also a side effect of high sugar levels
- Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA)is the combination of extra glucose, dehydration, and acid build-up
- Damage to your body, which can lead to heart attacks and strokes.
How is Juvenile diabetes treated?
Treatment is unluckily lifelong and includes regular blood tests and insulin therapy. Patients may be advised to exercise regularly to maintain a healthy lifestyle.