A girl holding her stomach with pain

Endoscopic Sleeve Gastroplasty (ESG)

11/05/2022

We have all fought the corona pandemic with intense dedication. But a lesser-known fact is that we have been harbouring an issue since ages and have made it a global pandemic, this disease is nothing but obesity. As per reports almost 9.5 percent of adolescent population is overweight and another 5 percent are obese. This is not just a cosmetic problem where appearance and ease of performing activities are affected but a major cause for many health conditions as well, such as:

  • Heart Diseases
  • High Blood Pressure
  • Fatty liver disease
  • Diabetes
  • Sleep Apnea
  • Joint disorders

Obesity has the ability to aggravate or cause these conditions and these in turn can cause many comorbidities. So, what to do when the weight wagon has already left the station and you are now in the category of obese? It’s never too late to start and care for your health. Exercise and diets can play a major role to reduce the excess weight but what if it has not helped you shed those pounds? Is it the end of road? Thankfully NO, a newer, much advanced, minimally invasive procedure, Endoscopic Sleeve Gastroplasty is here to the rescue. This aims at reducing the amount of food intake which in turns helps you reduce your weight. Also bearing in mind the minimal invasion, it significantly lowers the risk of post operative complications and aids in quick return to normal day life.

So, what happens in an ESG?

Usually, the process is done under general anaesthesia. Specialist insert an endoscope or a thin flexible tube with attached camera along with a suturing device down the throat. The doctor can then get a clear visualisation of the stomach and sutures or stitches the stomach so as to change its shape to that of a tube which significantly decreases the size and gives you a feeling of being full just after eating a little. The procedure might take an hour or two.

What about after procedure care?

After an Endoscopic Sleeve Gastroplasty, initial week would consist of only liquid diets followed by semi solids for another week and then to a normal eating regime.

An ESG is not enough on its own !

Along with an ESG, a healthy lifestyle and balanced diet must and should become a part of your life and only then can a person loose 15-20 % of their body weight in an year or two. Therefore, make exercises your new best friend post an ESG procedure.

Who is eligible for an ESG ?

ESG could be an option for people with BMI of more than 30, however it is not for everyone. A thorough screening by a specialist will help determine your eligibility. Also, intense commitment is required from the patient to follow a rigorous diet and lifestyle along with regular follow ups. Certain health conditions such as gastritis or ulcers could hamper your chances for having this procedure.

How is it better than traditional surgery?

An ESG has immense benefits when compared to traditional bariatric surgery. For one, it is incision less, there is no scar or cut or hole made during the entire procedure. Secondly is has extremely less side effects because of its minimally invasive nature and lastly requires very less hospital stay.

If you feel, you are in need of this procedure, consult our experts at Gleneagles Global Hospital, Lakdikapul to get comprehensive treatment options for your problem.

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